Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT) – Career, Salary & State Licensure

Therapy can be a critical component to helping individuals overcome mental illness, process a difficult life event, or learn how to cope with daily circumstances. However, people who access therapy are rarely completely alone, and often therapy can involve essential people in the client’s life, such as parents, kids, spouses, or partners. While many therapists can include others in treatment, marriage and family therapists (MFTs) can be the key to holistic treatment and long-term client success in meeting emotional goals.  

Marriage and family therapists are specialized counselors who help clients tackle their emotional well-being within the context of their relationships. While therapy might include multiple people, family systems and relationships can be managed and improved even if just one person attends the sessions. MFTs can diagnose disorders such as anxiety, depression, alcoholism, eating disorders, and behavior issues. They also can provide effective treatment in the form of cognitive behavior therapy, psychotherapy, and structural family therapy. 

Day-to-day duties for marriage and family therapists vary but often include meeting with clients, diagnosing mental disorders, offering therapy to individuals and couples, providing referrals, educating clients on new skills to improve their relationships, and maintaining client records. Typical places of employment include hospitals, clinics, social services, government agencies, and outpatient centers. 

Becoming a marriage and family therapist takes years of education, training, and a state-issued license. Continue reading to learn about education requirements and check out a detailed state-by-state guide of licensing requirements.

How to Become a Marriage and Family Therapist

Step 1: Graduate from High School or Obtain a GED (Four Years)

Completing high school or a GED is the first step towards becoming a marriage and family therapist. Students can prepare for this career while still in high school by focusing on courses such as psychology, social sciences, English, and math. Advanced Placement (AP) classes are also good because students can earn college credits before graduating high school and improve their college applications. 

Step 2: Complete a Bachelor’s Degree (Four Years)

Most master’s programs require applicants to have earned a bachelor’s degree, making this a necessary step in this career. Typical majors include psychology, sociology, social work, and education, although students from any major can become marriage and family therapists. 

Volunteering or working in agencies that serve families and children can help boost graduate school applications and provide valuable experience to prepare for this career. 

Step 3: Obtain an Advanced Degree (Two to Eight Years)

A master’s degree in marriage and family therapy is required in all 50 states to become a marriage and family therapist. These programs vary in length and content, so students should familiarize themselves with their state curriculum requirements to ensure they take all the required coursework. Most programs will include a practicum or internship as well. 

Students should ensure the program they attend is at least regionally accredited, if not nationally accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education (COAMFTE). All states require applicants to have completed their education at an accredited institution, and many states recognize COAMFTE accreditation as meeting all the coursework requirements.  

Step 4: Apply for Initial State Licensure (Timeline Varies)

An associate or provisional license is required in most states for applicants who have not completed their supervised work experience. Applicants will have to meet all the educational requirements, arrange for supervision, complete an application, and pay an application fee. 

Step 5: Complete Supervised Practice (One to Three Years)

Supervised work experience as a marriage and family therapist is required in all 50 states. The number of hours varies by state and can be as low as 1,000 and as high as 3,000. Board approval of supervision is often required. 

Step 6: Pass State Licensing Exam (Timeline Varies)

All states require candidates to pass an exam for a marriage and family therapist license. The most common exam required is the Marriage and Family Therapist National Examination offered by the Association of Marriage and Family Therapy Regulatory Boards (AMFTRB). This 180-question four-hour exam covers six domains of marriage and family therapy practice. The cost to take the exam is $365.

Some states also required candidates to take jurisprudence exams to demonstrate competency in state laws surrounding marriage and family therapy. 

Step 7: Apply for a State License (Timeline Varies)

Once exams, supervised work experience, and education have been completed, candidates may apply for a marriage and family therapist license from their state. States typically require extensive documentation, including official transcripts, letters of recommendation, test scores, background checks, and supervisor verification of work supervision. Applicants will also have to pay an application fee and a licensing fee. 

Keep reading to learn about each state’s specific requirements for MFTs.

Licensing & Certification Requirements By State for Marriage and Family Therapists

State Licensing Authority Eligibility & Details Renewal Requirements
Alabama Alabama Board of Examiners in Marriage and Family Therapy (ABEMFT)

The Alabama Board of Examiners in Marriage and Family Therapy issues Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT), Marriage and Family Therapy Intern (MFT Intern), and Marriage and Family Therapy Associate (MFTA) licenses.

MFT Intern licenses are for students who have yet to graduate or graduates who have not completed their internship or practicum. These candidates must:

  • Submit a completed application
  • Pay $150 application fee
  • Be a current student of a marriage and family therapy graduate program or graduate of a marriage and family therapy graduate program
  • Provide proof of student status or official transcripts (if already graduated)
  • Submit a Supervision Agreement Form for the supervised clinical practicum or internship
  • Provide two references from most recent MFT supervisors

MFTAs must meet the requirements for MFT intern licenses, as well as do the following:

  • Complete a master’s or doctorate in marriage and family therapy that included at least a 12-month internship (graduates of a COAMFTE or CACREP-MCFC accredited programs do not have to supply coursework verification)
  • Pay $150 application fee and $200 license fee
  • Submit a completed application
  • Complete the Supervision Agreement Form and attach a supervisory contract

LMFTs must meet all the requirements for MFTAs, as well as:

  • Pay $150 application fee and $325 license fee
  • Submit a completed application
  • Complete the Professional Employment form
  • Pass the AMFTRB Exam
  • Complete two years of supervised work experience, including 1,000 hours of direct client contact and 200 hours of supervision, of which 100 hours must be individual supervision

All marriage and family therapist licenses issued in Alabama must be renewed every two years. Intern licenses cost $25 to renew; associate licenses cost $200; and full LMFT licenses cost $325.

Continuing education hours are required for all licenses, as well. Interns must complete ten hours per renewal cycle, with three hours being in clinical workshops, three hours in diagnosis and treatment, and three hours in ethics. Current enrollment in a COAMFTE or CACREP-MCFC accredited program meets continuing education requirements for interns.

Associates must complete 20 hours of continuing education, with five hours being in clinical workshops, three hours in diagnosis and treatment, and three hours in ethics.

LMFTs must complete 40 hours of continuing education with ten hours being in clinical workshops, six hours in diagnosis and treatment, and six hours in ethics.

What Do Marriage and Family Therapists Do?

Marriage and family therapists work in hospitals, clinics, social service offices, government agencies, outpatient centers, schools, and private practices. Job duties vary based on place of employment, but typical responsibilities include:

  • Meeting with families, couples, and children to assess needs and goals
  • Talking with clients to help them process their emotions around difficult situations
  • Diagnosing mental disorders 
  • Providing guidance to help clients make decisions about their lives
  • Making referrals to healthcare providers or social services 
  • Educating clients in new techniques to use change behavior or improve relationships
  • Assisting clients in improving their family system
  • Maintaining client records

How Much Do Marriage and Family Therapists Make?

Marriage and family therapists earn $59,660 per year on average, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS May 2022). Pay varies based on education, experience, and place of employment. The percentiles for wages are:

  • 10th percentile: $32,070
  • 25th percentile: $37,740
  • 50th percentile (median): $49,610
  • 75th percentile: $64,630
  • 90th percentile: $87,700

Marriage and Family Therapist Professional Associations & Resources

  • The Association of Marriage and Family Therapy Regulatory Boards (AMFTRB) 
  • American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT)
  • International Association of Marriage and Family Counselors (IAMFC)
  • National Council on Family Relations (NCFR)
  • International Family Therapy Association (IFTA)
  • The American Family Therapy Academy (AFTA)
  • The Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education (COAMFTE)
Kimmy Gustafson

Kimmy Gustafson


At, Kimmy Gustafson’s expertly crafted articles delve into the world of counseling and mental health, providing valuable insights and guidance to readers since 2020. In addition to feature pieces and interviews, she keeps the state licensing tables current. Kimmy has been a freelance writer for more than a decade, writing hundreds of articles on a wide variety of topics such as startups, nonprofits, healthcare, kiteboarding, the outdoors, and higher education. She is passionate about seeing the world and has traveled to over 27 countries. She holds a bachelor’s degree in journalism from the University of Oregon. When not working, she can be found outdoors, parenting, kiteboarding, or cooking.